ochre use in the middle stone age at sibudu

Liverpool University Press: JournalsBefore Farming: Volume

Ochre as a hafting material of Middle Stone Age tools: the evidence from Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Antiquity 78 661 675 Google Scholar Walker, NJ 1987. Dating of Zimbabwean Rock Art.

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PDF) Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, Sou th

Many Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites have evidence of the regular collection and use of ochre. Sibudu (KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa) has a large MSA ochre assemblage of over 9000 pieces from layers

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Processing ochre in the Middle Stone Age: Testing the inference

2012. 6. 1. · M. LombardDirect evidence for the use of ochre in the hafting technology of Middle Stone Age tools from Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal South African Humanities, 18 (2006), pp. 57-67 View Record in Scopus Google Scholar

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PDF) Ochre in hafting in Middle Stone Age southern Africa

Ochre is well-known as a substance used in Stone Age symbolism, but it can be shown to have had practical functions too. The authors used microscopic examination of Middle Stone Age tools to show

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Were snares and traps used in the Middle Stone Age and

At Sibudu, a South African Middle Stone Age site, snares or other non-selective capture techniques may have been used during the Howiesons Poort and perhaps also the Still Bay Industry. The circumstantial evidence consists of 1. high frequency representations of animals that prefer forested environments, including the tiny blue duiker (adult

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Ochre - The Oldest Known Natural Pigment in the World

2019. 7. 3. · Ochre was part of the first art of the Middle Stone Age (MSA) phase in Africa called Howiesons Poort. The early modern human assemblages of 100,000-year-old MSA sites including Blombos Cave and Klein Kliphuis in South Africa have been found to include examples of engraved ochre, slabs of ochre

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Middle Stone Age Ochre Processing and Behavioural Complexity

2016. 11. 2. · Ochre is a common feature at Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites and has often been interpreted as a proxy for the origin of modern behaviour. However, few ochre processing tools, ochre containers, and ochre-stained artefacts from MSA contexts have been studied in detail within a theoretical framework aimed at inferring the technical steps involved in the acquisition, production and use

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The cognitive requirements for ochre use in the Middle Stone

Ochre use at Sibudu Cave and its link to complex cognition in the Middle Stone Age By Tammy Hodgskiss (-Reynard) From Hominid to Human The Role of Human Wisdom and Distinctiveness in the Evolution of Modern Humans

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Bedding, hearths, and site maintenance in the Middle Stone

Red ochre (hematite—Fe 2 O 3) thought to have been mixed with plant gum to create adhesive often occurs on stone tools in fairly large deposits that are even visible to the naked eye. Ground striated hematite nodules are fairly common in Sibudu and other Stone Age sites in southern Africa.

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Evidence of hunting and hafting during the Middle Stone Age

Points and point fragments from Middle Stone Age layers (dated to between 50,000 and 60,000 years ago) from Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, were examined to establish whether they were used as hafted spearheads for hunting.

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Supporting Information - PNAS

May 11, · 19. Lombard M (2005) Evidence of hunting and hafting during the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: A multi-analytical approach. J Hum Evol 48:279–300. 20. Wadley L, Williamson BS, Lombard M (2004) Ochre in hafting in Middle Stone Age southern Africa: A practical role. Antiquity 78:661–675. 21.

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Ochre use at Sibudu Cave and its link to complex cognition in the

Ochre is found at many Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites and its use is often attributed to enhanced mental abilities and symbolism. However, the links between the visible uses of ochre, cognition and symbolism have not been clearly demonstrated. Here, it

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PDF Ochre Use at Sibudu Cave and Its Link to Complex Cognition

Sibudu has a large Middle Stone Age ochre assemblage of over 9000 pieces of ochre from layers dating between ~77 ka and ~37.6 ka. All pieces were examined to determine the types of ochre used and to inspect all use-traces present on the pieces. The assemblage comprises 5449 ochre pieces . iv

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Evidence of hunting and hafting during the Middle Stone

Points and point fragments from Middle Stone Age layers (dated to between 50,000 and 60,000 years ago) from Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, were examined to establish whether they were used as hafted spearheads for hunting. A multi-analytical approach was followed, using macrofracture analysis, use-wear analysis, and residue analysis.

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A Milk and Ochre Paint Mixture Used 49,000 Years Ago at Sibudu

2015. 6. 30. · Hodgskiss T. Ochre use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa: Grinding, rub , scoring and engraving. J Afr Archaeol. ; 11: 75–95. View Article Google Scholar 27. Parkington JE. Moderns and middens: Shellfishing and the Middle Stone Age of the Western Cape. S Afr J Sci. 2003; 99: 243–247.

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Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age - ResearchGate

The late Pleistocene, and specifically the Middle Stone Age in southern Africa, is a time of significant behavioral and cognitive advances for Homo sapiens—this coincides with the habitual use of

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Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age

Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa. T ammy Hodgskiss. Cambridge Archaeological Journal / V olume 24 / Issue 03 / October , pp 405 - 428.

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OCHRE USE AT SIBUDU CAVE AND ITS LINK TO COMPLEX

2014. 7. 7. · Sibudu has a large Middle Stone Age ochre assemblage of over 9000 pieces of ochre from layers dating between ~77 ka and ~37.6 ka. All pieces were examined to determine the types of ochre used and to inspect all use-traces present on the pieces. The assemblage comprises 5449 ochre pieces . iv

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A Milk and Ochre Paint Mixture Used 49,000 Years Ago at

Jun 30, · A Milk and Ochre Paint Mixture Used 49,000 Years Ago at Sibudu, South Africa. Ochre powder production and use are documented in Middle Stone Age South African

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Implications for complex cognition from the hafting of

Fig. 1. Stone tools (segments) with adhesive from Sibudu Cave. (A) Segment with red ochre visible to the naked eye on that part of the tool that would have been in a haft (i).Microscopic views of red ochre and plant gum on the tool (ii and iii).(B) Segment with black fat on that part of the tool that would have been in a haft (i).Microscopic views of fat on the tool (ii-iv).

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PDF) Ochre use at Sibudu Cave and its link to complex cognition in the Middle Stone Age

PDF | On Dec 8, , Tammy Hodgskiss published Ochre use at Sibudu Cave and its link to complex cognition in the Middle Stone Age | Find, read and

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Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age | Oxford Research

2020. 4. 1. · “Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa. Grinding, Rub , Scoring and Engraving.” Journal of African Archaeology 11 (1): 1–21. Hodgskiss, Tammy. 2014. “The Cognitive Requirements for Ochre Use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa.” Cambridge Archaeological Journal 24 (3): 405–428.

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Tammy Hodgskiss (Reynard)‬ - ‪Google Scholar

Ochre use in the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa: grinding, rub , scoring and engraving T Hodgskiss Journal of African Archaeology 11 (1), 75-95 ,

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Human deciduous teeth from the Middle Stone Age layers of Sibudu

2019. 1. 30. · Keywords - Sibudu Cave, Deciduous teeth, Middle Stone Age, South Africa. Introduction In the African Pleistocene, the fossil evi-dence of early Homo sapiens populations is still relatively limited, with specimens from 52 sites and 12 countries covering a long time span (see Grine, for a systematic review). In

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Bedding, hearths, and site maintenance in the Middle Stone Age of Sibudu Cave

Red ochre (hematite—Fe 2 O 3) thought to have been mixed with plant gum to create adhesive often occurs on stone tools in fairly large deposits that are even visible to the naked eye. Ground striated hematite nodules are fairly common in Sibudu and other Stone Age sites in

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Patterns of change and continuity in ochre use during the late

2017. 5. 24. · Ochre is found at numerous Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites and plays a key role in early modern human archaeology. Here we analyse the largest known East African MSA ochre assemblage, comprising 40 kg of ochre, found at Porc-Epic Cave, Ethiopia, spanning a period of at least 4,500 years. Visual characterisation of ochre types, microscopic identification of traces of

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